Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist who lived from 384 BCE to 322 BCE. He is considered the most important thinker in classical antiquity. He studied at Plato’s Academy in Athens and later founded his own school, the Lyceum. Aristotle wrote on many subjects – including physics, biology, metaphysics, poetry and theatre. His writings cover many scientific fields that are still studied today.
Aristotle’s views on nature are often summarized by his four causes: formal, material, efficient and final cause. A formal cause is one of the basic categories into which something can be divided in order to understand it. Aristotle argues that, in order to understand nature, we must first have a clear understanding of its different types of forms. This is because all natural things are composed from these different types of forms. One form in particular is matter itself, which has the properties of solidity, extension in length, width and height; cohesion; impenetrability; naturalness and decay.
Here are 10 Powerful Quotes of Aristotle which will turn your way of thinking.